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The War Years - In Memoriam
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In Memoriam to the ex-Celts who died in the wars
First World War
The players of Celtic football club also enlisted in the war effort.
The club contained some players who possibly were employed in restricted occupations, most probably mining, and others who may have been married or older than the run of the mill volunteer. The dispute concerning Irish home rule also hindered some from joining the British army.
While the idea of fighting on the British side caused problems for some, many others interpreted the German threat as more dangerous and wished to be involved from the start. These men were no less loyal to Ireland than those who refused to fight in this conflict. It is only recently that such men have begun to receive the respect they deserve.
There is a story concerning Kitchener and Carson which show how personal relationships can have a lasting effect on the life of a nation. When war was declared in 1914 Lord Kitchener approached Lord Carson and persuaded him to enrol his small army of volunteers as part of the 'new army.' Carsons men went on to be the backbone of the 36th Division, and won several Victoria Crosses during the conflict.
However it is little realised that Connely also attempted to put his men at the disposal of the British, with the hope that this would influence a future British government after the war when it once again considered the cause of Irish Home Rule. Kitchener, a fellow aristocrat and friend of Carson declined the offer. Had there been a more distant relationship between these two today's Irish situation may have been very different.
Many in Ireland, on both sides, felt that Home Rule or not the greater danger was from an aggressive Germany and enlisted in the British armed forces. Celtic, who possessed a very successful team at the time, contributed several players to the cause.
Not all survived.
William Angus 8th Batt. Highland Light Infantry. Awarded a Victoria Cross medal, (Story), Story 2
Etaples Military Cemetery. XVIII. L.
18.20242 Serjeant Patrick Slavin. 2nd. Royal Scots. Also played 9 games Motherwell. Killed in action at the Somme on 13th November 1916.
Buried in Serre Road Cemetery. No 2.1. K. 5.
30450 Pte. Robert Craig. South Wales Borderers. Born Beith, Ayrshire 2nd Feb 1888. Parents William & Elizabeth Craig. 20, Reform Street, Beith, Ayrshire. Played for many clubs. Died of wounds in Boulogne 19th April 1918.
Lies in Boulogne Eastern Cemetery. IX. A. 3.
285250 Pte. Peter Johnstone. 6th Seaforth Highlanders. Played in the 1914 Cup Final. Celtic beating Hibernian 4-1 after a 0-0 draw. Johnstone joined the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders in 1916, transferred to the Seaforths in 1917. Killed in action at Arras 16th May 1917. Aged only 26. Commemorated on Arras memorial, Bay 8.
201979 Gunner Donald McLeod. Royal Field Artillery. Played for Celtic between 1902-1908. Also played for his local side, Stenhousemuir and Middlesborough. Killed in action 6th October 1917. Left a wife and three children.
Buried in Dozingham Military Cemetery. V. 97. (Passchendaele) Poperinge. Belgium.
PS/10898 Lance Cpl. Leigh Roose. 9th Royal Fusiliers. Welsh international goalkeeper. Played only one game for Celtic. Killed at the Somme 7th October 1916.Theipval Memorial Pier & Face 8C, 9A and 16A.
Joe O'Kane. Royal Engineers. No details.
Archie McMillan. 14th Argyle & Sutherland Highlanders.?
Killed in action. No details
Joe Cassidy : Fife & Forfar Yeomanry & 2nd Black Watch.
On loan at Ayr Utd 1914-16. Later with Bolton, Cardiff, Dundee Clyde, Ballymena, Morton, Dundalk.
Michael Gilhooly : Highland Light Infantry. Also played for Clydebank, Sunderland, Bradford City, Q.P.R.
John McMaster : Service Corps. Though a slight deafness made him exempt he enlisted in 1916 as a driver for the Motor Transport Section.
Joe Dodds. : Royal Field Artillery 1917.
Andy McAtee : Royal Field Artillery 1917.
Celtic Official Site (2010)This Thursday, November 11, marks the 92nd anniversary of the ending of the First World War. At 11 minutes past 11 on the 11th day of the 11th month, the guns finally fell silent after four years of bloody fighting which claimed the lives of over 16million people
It was a conflict which affected individuals, families, communities and organisations in every country caught up in the war, and Celtic Football Club was no different.
As the world was plunged into war in 1914, all aspects of life changed and as millions headed off to the Front, the Great War was to have its affect on Celtic and a number of its players.
As the war progressed the implications for the game were significant. Player salaries were reduced, employment in munitions factories on Saturdays resulted in a sharp fall in attendance, both by spectators and players and the pressure to complete the fixture card was significant.
Indeed, Celtic were forced to play two matches, against Raith Rovers and Motherwell, on the same day in 1916 in order to comply.
Football grounds were viewed as an ideal venue for recruitment drives and during one such event, Celtic manager Willie Maley endorsed a mock trench warfare at Celtic Park designed to lure players and spectators alike to the Front.
Such drives had their successes and the supporters and officials of Hearts and Queen’s Park watched as their first-team players enlisted almost en bloc.Whilst there wasn't a mass exodus from Celtic, a number of players did enlist and sadly, some failed to return.
Willie Angus, John McLaughlin, Archie McMillan, Leigh Roose, Donnie McLeod, Robert Craig and Peter Johnstone all played on the field of Celtic Park and fought in the Great War and for their lives in the fields of France and Belguim.
The story of Willie Angus, a reserve team player at Celtic Park is quite astounding. Angus was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1915 for his incredible bravery in rescuing his wounded commanding officer.
Despite coming under heavy fire from the Germans in 'no man's land' near Givenchy in France, Angus risked his own life and was wounded over 40 times in the process.
As a result of the injuries he sustained Angus lost one eye and was invalided out of the army. On his return he maintained a close affinity to the club and his bravery was officially acknowledged when a street in Carluke was named in his honour.
Welsh international goalkeeper Leigh Richmond Roose came to Celtic Park on loan from Sunderland in March of 1910. Securing his services at Celtic was the result of a somewhat bizarre deal.
Roose had tended the goal for the Scotland v Wales international at Rugby Park the previous week in a match which led to Jimmy McMenemy being injured as a result of some nasty play by Welshman Llewellyn Davies.
Thus when Celtic keeper Davy Adams was floored with pneumonia for the Scottish Cup semi against Clyde, it made perfect sense to secure the services of Roose as a form of compensation.
Unfortunately Roose, who was a doctor of bacteriology, failed to keep a clean sheet for his one appearance and Celtic lost the tie 3-1.
Roose was an extremely wealthy man, and a gentleman. Indeed, he apparently ran the length of the pitch to congratulate and shake the hand of the Clyde player who had scored the third goal and ousted Celtic out of the cup.
Roose went on to play for Aston Villa and Arsenal before joining the 9th Royal Fusiliers in 1914.His repeated bravery led to the Military Medal in 1914.
Sadly during the Battle for Montauban where hundreds lost their lives, Roose was pronounced missing in action, presumed dead on October 7, 1917. A dedication to his memory is inscribed on the Thiepval memorial.
Donnie McLeod signed for Celtic from Stenhousemuir on May 10, 1902. McLeod, dubbed 'Slasher' due to his sheer speed and ability was a two-footed full back who was an instant hit with the Celtic support.
McLeod was an integral part of the side who kick-started the club's unprecedented feat of six championships in a row from 1904, and during his six-and-a-half years with the Celts he made 155 appearances.
McLeod's partnership with Jimmy Weir was invincible and when he was transferred to Middlesbrough in 1910, Weir followed him south to form a duo described as 'the most dogged, dour and fearless pair of backs in England.'
McLeod was in the 466th Battery of the 65th Royal Field Artillery and died in Belgium from injuries sustained in action on October 6, 1917. He is buried in the Dozinghem military cemetery in Poperinge in Belgium.
When Robert Craig arrived at Celtic Park he was the butt of a practical joke initiated by his new team-mates. Signed from Vale of Garnock Strollers on May 10, 1906, Craig was convinced by his team mates that a large signing on fee was available and all he had to do was ask the rather stern Willie Maley.
Maley must have liked him as his petulance was rewarded with the acceptance of his signature and a three-year career with the Celts.
Craig spent most of his period farmed out on loan but did the business when it was required and in 13 first-team appearances conducted himself well. Craig was recruited to the 5th Battalion of the South Wales Borderers and was wounded during a German attack on the town of Messines in Belgium.
He died from the injuries he sustained eight days later on April 19, 1918. He is buried in the Boulogne Eastern Cemetery.
Probably the best known Celt to have fallen in the Great War is centre-half and utility man, Peter Johnstone, who signed for Celtic on January 9, 1908.
Johnstone made his debut in April the following year, the first appearance of 233 for the club. During this period Johnstone scored 19 goals.
Johnstone, a miner signed from Glencraig Celtic, was an idol of the Celtic faithful and was a deserved recipient of such accolade when he lifted his first Scottish Cup medal after the final with Clyde in 1912.
In the same year he added another gong to his collection when Celtic met and beat Clyde in the Charity Cup final in an amazing tie that Celtic won by seven corners to nil.
Johnstone was part of the infamous side who contested for the 'missing' Ferencvaros Cup in Budapest against Burnley in 1914.
The game ended in a draw and it was reluctantly agreed that a return would be played in Burnley. Celtic won and the trophy never materialised but compensation was afforded to Johnstone and his team mates when they secured the Double in 1914.
Johnstone was eager to transfer from the field of play to the field of War, and was recruited to firstly the 14th Battalion of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in 1916 and latterly the 6th Battalion of the Seaforth Highlanders.
He initiated this move in order to secure quicker passage to the Front. Whilst eager to defend his country, Johnstone was also always willing to assist the Celts and during his army training he travelled overnight from England to help his team-mates oust Rangers from the Glasgow Cup on September 23, 1916.
To the absolute shock of the Celtic faithful Johnstone lost his life during the Battle of Arras which was fought on the 15-16th of May 1917. A Celtic legend, Johnstone's death was a huge loss to Celtic Football Club.A dedication to his memory is inscribed on Bay 8 of the Arras Memorial in the Fauborg d'Amiens Cemetery.
Celtic's reserve side was also depleted due to the impact of the Great War and the following players also lost their lives. The list is not exhaustive. Reserve team player John McLaughlin, whose previous career spanned periods with Mossend, Hibs and Renton was killed in action on May 10, 1917. McLaughlin, who served in the 11th Battalion of the Highland Light Infantry, is buried in the Etaples Military Cemetery.
Fellow reserve player Archie McMillan died of his injuries between the 21st and the 23rd of November of the same year during an attempt to capture the village of Fontaine Notre-Dame in Northern France.
McMillan andeight of his regiment lost their lives in what was a successful mission. He is buried in the Rocquigny-Equancort Rd British Cemetery, Manancourt.
In this month, when pausing for reflection is the tradition, we should perhaps take a few moments to remember the Celtic legends who were so greatly affected by the horror of war.
- Celtic Football Club and the Great War
- William Angus: Celtic's congratulations on Victoria Cross award
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